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学位英语讲义精选:关系副词

点击数:11492019/5/28 18:10:19 来源: 广东专插本辅导网

关系副词在定语从句中起副词或介词短语的作用,指代表示时间、地点、原因、方式意义的名词,在从句中充当时间、地点、原因、方式状语。


关系副词
句中成分
指代的先行词
例句
when
时间状语
表示时间的名词
There are occasions when (on which) one must yield.
where
地点状语
表示地点的名词
This is the factory where (in which) my father once worked.
why
原因状语
reason
This is the reason why(for which)he was late.

【例1】We live in a time ______, more than ever before in history, people are moving.


A. what   B. when   C. which   D. where


【答案】B


【解析】定语从句people are moving不缺少主谓宾,所以用关系副词引导。先行词表示的是时间,所以关系词用when.


【例2】He's got himself into a dangerous situation ______ he is likely to lose control over the plane.


A. where   B. which   C. while   D. why


【答案】A


【解析】本题先行词表示的是状况,可以用关系副词where引导从句。


【例3】No one here believes the reason _______ he was late.


A. that   B. why   C. which   D. what


【答案】B


【解析】先行词是the reason,表示原因,所以定语从句用why引导。


【例2】He's got himself into a dangerous situation ______ he is likely to lose control over the plane.


A. where   B. which   C. while   D. why


【答案】A


【解析】本题先行词表示的是状况,可以用关系副词where引导从句。


【例3】No one here believes the reason _______ he was late.


A. that   B. why   C. which   D. what


【答案】B


【解析】先行词是the reason,表示原因,所以定语从句用why引导。

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