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Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.You should de-cide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage :
On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln went to Gettysburg in Pennsylvania to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery. The Civil War was still going on. There was much criticism of Presi-dent Lincoln at the time. He was not at all popular. He had been invited to speak at Gettysburg on-ly out of politeness. The principal speaker was to be Edward Everett, a famous statesman and speaker of the day. Everett was a handsome man and very popular everywhere.
It is said that Lincoln prepared his speech on the train while going to Gettysburg. Late that night, alone in his hotel room and tired out, he again worked briefly on the speech. The next day Everett spoke first. He spoke for an hour and 57 minutes. His speech was a perfect example of the rich oratory of the day. Then Lincoln rose. The crowd of 15,000 people at first paid little attention to him. He spoke for only nine minutes. At the end there was little applause. Lincoln turned to a friend and remarked,"I have failed again". On the train back to Washington, he said sadly, "That speech was a fiat failure, and the people are disappointed".
Some newspapers at first criticized the speech, but little by little as people redid the speech they began to understand better. (76) They began to appreciate its simplicity and its deep mean-ing. It was a speech which only Abraham Lincoln could have made.
Today, every American school child learns Lincoln's Gettysburg Address by heart. Now eve-ryone thinks of it as one of the greatest speeches ever given in American history.
1. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln was__________.
A. very critical
C. very popular
D. very courteous
2. Lincoln was invited to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery because he was__________.
A. a famous speaker
B. a very handsome man
C. President of the country
D. a popular statesman
3. It can be inferred from the text that__________.
A. Lincoln prepared his speech very carefully before he went to Gettysburg
B. Lincoln was very busy at the time and didn't have much time to prepare his speech
C. Lincoln's speech was full of rich words
D. Lincoln's speech was very long
4. It was a fact that Lincoln's speech was__________.
A. an immediately success
B. warmly applauded
C. a total failure
D. not well-received at first
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address has deep meaning.
B. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is simple in style.
C. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is memorized by every American school child.
D. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is the greatest speech ever delivered in the United States.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
(77) In what now seems like the prehistoric times of computer history, the early post-war era(站后时期), there was a quite widespread concern that computers would take over the world from man one day. Already today, less than forty years later, as computers are relieving us of more and more of the routine tasks in business and in our personal lives, we are facing with a less dramatic but also less foreseen problem. People tend to be over-trusting (过分信任) of computers and are re-luctant to challenge their authority. Indeed, they behave as if they were hardly aware that wrong buttons may be pushed, or that a computer may simply malfunction(失灵).
(78) Obviously, there would be no point in investing(投入)in a computer if you had to check all its answers, but people should also rely on their own internal computers and check the machine when they have the feeling that something has gone wrong. Questioning and routine double checks must continue to be as much a part of good business as they were in pre-computer days.
Maybe each computer should come with the following warning: for all the help this computer may provide, it should not be seen as a substitute for fundamental thinking and reasoning skills.
6. What is the main purpose of this passage?
A. To look back to the early days of computers.
B. To explain what technical problems may occur with computers.
C. To discourage unnecessary investment in computers.
D. To warn against the blindness to the probable shortcomings of computers.
7. The passage recommends those dealing with computers to__________.
A. be reasonably doubtful about them
B. check all their answers
C. substitute them for basic thinking
D. use them for business purpose only
8. An "internal computer" ( Para. 2 ) is__________.
A. a computer used exclusively by one company for its own problems
B. a person’s store of knowledge and the ability to process it
C. the most up to date in home computer a company can buy
D. a computer from the post-war era which is very reliable
9. The passage suggests that the present day problem with regard to computers is __________.
10. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would disapprove of__________.
A. computer science courses in high schools
B. businessmen and women who use pocket calculators
C. maintenance(连续不断)checks on computers
D. companies which depend entirely on computers
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours. It's a hard work and it makes you short of breath. To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes ( as long as you're not held up at the airport), but it's an expensive way to travel. You can travel by hovercraft if you don't mind the noise, and that takes forty minutes. Otherwise you can go by boat, if you forget your sea-sickness ills. All these means of transport have their problems and the weary( 不耐烦的)travel-er often dreams of being able to drive to France in his own car. "Not possible", you say. Well,wait a minute. People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge.
This time, the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London. (79) A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only.
Why is this idea being discussed again? Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC( 欧共体)? Well, perhaps. The main reason,though, is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London's disused dockland(船坞地)A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize(使……重新有活力) the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. (80)With a link over the Channel, you could buy your fish and chips in England, and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm!
11. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Swimming across the Channel takes less than four hours.
B. The idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge is a very new one.
C. It is considered to be more difficult to swim across the channel than any other means.
D. A tunnel or bridge would only reach as far as the coast.
12. A tunnel would be__________.
A. less expensive to be built than a bridge
B. more expensive to be built than a bridge
C. less expensive to be built than a rail
D. more expensive to be built than a rail
13. If they built a Channel tunnel, you would__________.
A. neither take a train nor go by car
B. only take a train
C. either take a train or go by car
D. only take a bus
14. It can be concluded that many of London's dockyards are__________.
A. not used
B. seriously blocked
C. fully used
D. opened again
15. Channel link would__________.
A. allow us to buy fish and chips in France
B. make the journey from Europe to England dangerous but easier and faster
C. decrease more trade for London's dockyards
D. make London more prosperous again