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Part I Reading Comprehension (40 points)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is folloued by s
questions or unfinished statements, For each of them there are 4 choices
(arked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your ans icer on the
ANSWER SHEET ith a single line through the center.
We use both words and gestures to express our feelings, but the problem is that these
words and gestures can be understood in different ways.
It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language, So does laughter or crying
There are also a number of strinkingsimilariies in te way differnt animais show the same feelings.
Dogs, tigers and humans, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because they are born with those behavior patterns.
Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. In Chinese and in English literature, a phrase like "he went pale and begin to tremble"suggests that the man is either very afraid or he has just got a very big shock. However. "he opened his eyes wide"is used to suggest anger in Chinese whereas in English it means surprise. In Chinese"surprise"can be described in a phrase like"they stretched out their tongues Sticking out your tongue in English is an insulting gesture or expresses strong dislike .
Even in the same culture, people differ in ability to understand and express feelings Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear,anger, love and happiness on people's faces. Other studies show that older people usually find it easier to recognize or understand body language than younger people do.
16. According to the passage
A. we can hardly understand what people's gestures mean
B. we cannot be sure people,s feelings described in words or gestures
C. words can be better understood by older people
D. gestures can be understood by most of the people
17. People's facial expressions may be misunderstood because_.
A. people of different ages may have different understanding
B, people of different sex may understand a gesture in a different way
C. people have different cultures
D. people of different countries speak different languages
18.In the same culture,___.
A. people have different ability to understand and express feelings
B, people have the same understanding of something
C,people nevere fail to understand each other
D. people are equally intelligent
19. From this passage. we can conclude_.
A. words are used as frequently as gestures
B. words are often found difficult to understand
C. words and gestures are both used in expressing feelings
D. gestures are more efficiently used than words
20. The best title for this passage may be
A. Words and Feelings
B. Gestures and Cultures
C. Gestures and Feelings
D. Culture and Understanding